Laws Enforced by the EEOC

Hello, and welcome to LegalEase. Today, I want to talk about the EEOC, and the various federal laws enforced by the EEOC. Let’s talk about it.

EEOC stands for Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The EEOC enforces federal laws against job discrimination and harassment. That’s the job of the EEOC. It is a commission designed to enforce federal laws against job discrimination and harassment.

There are specific statutes that the EEOC enforces, and many times people get them confused. Often, people call us stating they made a failed attempt to file an EEOC claim because their claim did not fall under a relevant statute. Let’s go over the statutes today.

  • The EEOC enforces the Equal Pay Act. The Equal Pay Act requires employers to pay men and women the same – equal pay for the same work.  
  • Title VII states that employers cannot discriminate against an applicant, or an employee based on a protected status, such as race, gender, disability, national origin, color, genetic information, etc.
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act is like Title VII but this federal statute states that employers cannot discriminate against someone who is affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition.
  • The EEOC also enforces a new statute called the Pregnant Workers’ Fairness Act, which is an anti-discrimination statute that requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to individuals affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. To clarify, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act is for discrimination while the Pregnant Workers’ Fairness Act requires employers to make it fair for pregnant women to work by providing reasonable accommodations, if needed.
  • The Americans with Disabilities Act is a statute that prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals based on a disability.
  • The Rehabilitation Act applies to disabled workers in the federal sector. So, the Rehabilitation Act states that employers cannot discriminate against people with disabilities in the federal sector.
  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits discrimination based on age. And what is the magic number? 40. Employers cannot discriminate against people forty or over. So, people who are forty and older are considered elderly, and that includes me.
  • Finally, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act states that employers cannot discriminate against people based on their genetic information.

It is a lot of information, but I wanted to clarify what the EEOC enforces; Equal Pay Act, Title VI, Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Pregnant Workers Fairness Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, Rehabilitation Act, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act.

If you believe you have a matter that falls under one of these statues, give us a call. We can help you by ensuring you go to the right agency.

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